This Type III collagen product is isolated from human placenta and is purified using a multi-step process with approximately 85% Type III collagen with the remainder being comprised of Type I collagen.
Type III collagen provides structure and strength to connective tissue, is found in many places in the body, especially skin, lung, intestinal walls and the walls of blood vessels. Collagen III is initially produced as procollagen, a protein consisting of three pro-alpha1(III) chains that form the triple-stranded, rope-like molecule. After being synthesized, the procollagen molecule is modified by the cell. Enzymes modify the amino acids lysine and proline in the protein strands by adding chemical groups that are necessary for the strands to form a stable molecule and then later to crosslink to other molecules outside the cell. The Type III procollagen molecules are released from the cell and are processed by enzymes that clip small segments off either end of the molecules to form mature collagen. The mature collagen molecules assemble into fibrils. Cross-linking between molecules produces a very stable fibril, contributing to collagen’s tissue strengthening function.
This product is generally used in vitro as a substrate scaffold to enhance cell attachment, adherence and proliferation. Type III collagen may be used to culture a variety of cell types as well as a bioink additive to increase functionality.
|2 × 2 × 2 in