Cell-Bioink Mixing: Pipette Method

cell bioink mixing pipette method


When bioprinting with a cell-laden bioink, it is important to thoroughly mix your biomaterial (or bioink) with your cells of choice in order to get a homogeneous cell distribution. This protocol for cell-bioink mixing using a pipette is a helpful guide for this key step in the bioprinting process. However, this will work only with bioinks that have a low viscosity when at room temperature or 37°C. Bioinks that are viscous cannot be loaded in the pipette tip.



  1. Calculate the number of cells needed. This will vary depending on the cell type and your final application; 
  2. Prepare a cell pellet (check out this protocol);
  3. If possible, pre-warm your sterile biomaterial to 37 °C to avoid temperature stress for the cells. Keep in mind that some materials should be kept at low temperatures to ensure good printability (e.g. collagen);
  4. With a pipette, add the appropriate volume of biomaterial to your cell pellet, keeping in mind how much material you need for your print as well as your desired cell concentration;
  5. Thoroughly mix cells with biomaterial by pipetting it up and down;
  6. Cap your Allevi 5 mL syringe barrel and flip the syringe so that the cap is facing down;
  7. Pipette your cell-laden biomaterial into the syringe barrel, dispensing material at the bottom of the syringe as uniformly as possible;
    • Note: be sure not to introduce bubbles to the system.
  8. Place your syringe stopper at the syringe opening;
  9. Flip the syringe barrel to have the cap facing up, ensuring to not let go of the stopper;
  10. Remove the syringe cap;
  11. Use the plunger to push material up until it reaches the syringe tip;
    • Note: be sure not to reconnect the plunger and the stopper.
  12. Tap the syringe to remove any bubbles that may have been trapped;
  13. Remove the plunger;
  14. Add your tip of choice for bioprinting;
  15. Bioprint!

Note: While calculating the necessary volume of your biomaterial, take into account dead-volume in the Luer-lock coupler and needle tips, which might affect the amount of material available for bioprinting. 

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